Unmanned aircraft can help to solve a range of scientific and applied tasks related to geology, ecology, meteorology, zoology, agriculture, the study of climate change, the search for minerals, etc. They can follow the migration of birds, mammals, fish, changes in weather conditions and ice conditions on rivers, vessel traffic, transport and people movement, to carry out aerial survey, photography and filming, radar and radiation reconnaissance, multispectral monitoring of the surface, penetrating inside to 100 m.

Indicative list of individual cases of application of unmanned aircraft equipment to perform aerial work in the economical sectors

(Each of the special cases considered as aerial work A4 and should be displayed in the form of instructions in the flight manual of a particular type of UA)

1. Detection of small objects:

  • aerial;
  • surface;
  • ground;
  • underground;
  • search and assistance in emergency situations.

2. Assistance for Inspections:

  • compliance with the rules of maritime navigation;
  • navigation in the search and detection of ships;
  • in the prevention of accidents in port;
  • control of maritime borders;
  • monitoring of implementation of fishing regulations;
  • compliance with contractual obligations (mode "open sky") and others.

3. Development of regional and interregional telecommunication networks:

  • temporary communications systems, including mobile;
  • temporary broadcasting;
  • relay TV / radio;
  • temporary navigation systems;
  • application of UAV in television/cinema, in advertising as a carrier of appropriate technical equipment.

4. Aerial surveying and Earth remote sensing:

  • aerial photography in small and medium scale, cartography and other cases of aerial survey, including at night in the invisible spectrum;
  • gіdro-, meteorological situation control;
  • control of actively radiating objects;
  • detection of forest fires;
  • observation of objects perimeters;
  • monitoring of industrial sites and other polygonal objects;
  • control of railroads, power lines and other linear features.

5. Control of environmental condition:

  • radiation monitoring;
  • gas and chemical control;
  • control of oil and gas pipelines state;
  • "poll" of seismic sensors;
  • monitoring of avalanches state;
  • magnetometric studies;
  • the overall long ecological monitoring of area according to request of the customer (the use of several UAVs).

6. Application in agriculture/forestry and exploration:

  • aviation forestry work (according to Base of Forestry Aviation);
  • aerial work in agriculture, in accordance with the requirements of the Ministry of Agriculture;
  • determination of the characteristics of soils;
  • mineral exploration;
  • monitoring of open pit mining and other public facilities;
  • subsurface sensing (possible up to 100 m) and others.

7. Oceanology:

  • exploration of ice conditions;
  • monitoring of the sea/ocean state;
  • search of industrial clusters fish, etc.

8. Non-scheduled transportations: post and special goods.

9. Assistance in law enforcement:

  • control of unauthorized unrest;
  • compliance of monitoring of illegal migration of people and other objects, where the customers are the civilian law enforcement agencies.

10. Air traffic control:

  • in remote areas;
  • during natural disasters and accidents;
  • designing temporary routes when performing aerial work, etc.

11. Other applications are:

  • alternative satellite optoelectronic data from the UAV on the status of the territory for geographic information systems (GIS);
  • providing managed avalanches; providing managed rainfall, etc.